Cancer is a disease that causes uncontrolled growth on several of the body's cells and spreads into other areas of the body.
Cancer may begin nearly anywhere in the human body. Some cancers induce fast cell proliferation, while others cause cells to develop and slow down.
There are over 100 cancer kinds. Cancer types are often named after the tissues or bodies in which the malignancies develop. The most common type of cancers is colon cancer and rectal cancer, leukaemia, breast cancer.
Some causes of cancer include:
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- Excess body weight
- Physical inactivity
- Poor nutrition
The symptoms and signs of cancer rely on the particular disease type and grade; however, in individuals with various malignancies, general signs and symptoms do not depend very specifically: Weight loss, tiredness, discomfort, skin changes, bowel or bladder alterations, uncommon bleeding, lingering cough or change of voice, fever, tissue tumours, and lumps.
There are several treatments currently used in managing cancer. These treatments include:
This therapy targets malignant cells using drugs that deliberately target fast-dividing cells. Additionally, the medicines may aid in tumour shrinkage, but the adverse effects can be extreme.
2. Hormone treatment
This treatment includes taking medicines that affect or meddle with the way particular hormones function. Whenever hormones, as with prostate and breast tumours, play an important role, that is a frequent strategy.
This is frequently part of a therapy strategy for a malignant tumour individual. A surgeon may also remove lymph nodes to limit or avoid the spread of the illness.
Immunotheraphy utilizes drugs and other therapies to strengthen and stimulate the immune system to attack the cancerous cells.
5. Precision medicine
This is a newer and more advanced technique. Genetic testing is used to identify the best therapies for a specific person's cancer.
6. High dosage radiation
High dosage radiation is used by radiation treatment to destroy malignant cells. A doctor may also suggest utilizing radiation to decrease a tumour or alleviate tumour-related symptoms before surgery.
7. Stem cell transplantation
This may be of particular benefit to individuals with cancer of the blood, such as leukaemia or lymphoma. It includes the removal of cells such as red or white blood cells that have been damaged by chemotherapy or radiation. Laboratory workers enhance the cells and return them to the body.
Doctors frequently use more than one therapy to enhance efficacy.
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